Educational Policy

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Educational Policy – In our first Finshot today, we try to understand what the New Education Policy is. And yes, there is a second part.

It has been 34 years since India made major reforms in its education system. But on Wednesday, after 6 years of deliberation, the National Education Policy (NEP) was finally released. The policy aims to increase public investment in education from 4.4% of India’s GDP to 6%, and through several changes, transform education for nearly 300 million students in the country!

Educational Policy

Educational Policy

And to this end, the policy sets comprehensive reforms that will affect every student – right from the little tot going to her first play school to the ambitious master’s graduate considering a program PhD. So let’s dig in.

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The NEP breaks down India’s existing K-12 education structure. No more 10+2 – 10 years of primary and secondary education followed by 2 years of secondary education. Schools in India will now follow a 5+3+3+4 structure.

Well, they already do. You see, most children (in cities) start their education before the age of 3 through play schools. The new structure simply brings kindergartens into the formal education area, and divides the school structure based on children’s developmental levels.

So for the first 5 years, children between 3 and 8 years old will enter the basic level. Since the greatest brain development occurs at these ages, the curriculum focuses on language learning, play, and activities. After 5 years of this, these children enter stage 3, where the focus shifts to discovery, and interaction-based classroom learning. Linguistic and numeracy skills are honed at this level.

One point of contention here was the medium of instruction. There was some uncertainty that lessons up to grade 5 would be taught strictly in the mother tongue or the local language common in the area. But that is not entirely correct. According to the policy,

National Education Policy 2020

“Wherever possible, the medium of instruction up to at least Grade 5, but preferably up to Grade 8 and beyond, will be the mother tongue. This will be followed by public and private schools.”

So this phrase ‘where possible’ clearly gives schools some leeway. In total, three languages ​​are to be taught to all students and although states are free to decide which they choose, two of these languages ​​must be indigenous to India.

However, once these students reach grade 6, their teaching becomes more experimental learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences and humanities. This is also when students receive vocational training – they are taught technical skills that enable them to take up jobs in specific trades or crafts such as pottery or carpentry. Of course, they also have to do a 10-day internship with local experts!

Educational Policy

This continues until students reach grade 9. Once there, they are exposed to multidisciplinary studies where they get to choose the subjects they like from those available. No more Science vs Commerce. There will be no more division between those who are proficient in mathematics and those who are interested in History. Basically, there are no more streams. You can choose to study Physics along with Sanskrit, or Political Science along with Computers, and your school has to accommodate you. Even vocational courses and extracurricular activities are given as much importance as academic studies.

Journal Of Learning And Educational Policy

Of course, in the midst of all these changes, something needs to be done about those career-defining assessments that make students everywhere take shaky exams. Unfortunately, the policy does not stop board exams. But it reduces their importance and makes them easier. In addition, students are allowed to take them again if they think there is room for improvement!

The National Testing Agency (NTA) will be tasked with conducting (optional) entrance exams for admission to higher education institutions throughout the country. This will be a standardized test, similar to the SAT used for college admissions in the US.

Once selected to a college, students enroll for a 3 or 4 year undergraduate degree, with the option to drop out whenever they wish. If you complete one year, you will receive a certificate. Two years will give you a diploma. If you stick it out for three or four years (depending on the course), you’ll get a degree. And if you follow a four-year program with research, you will be a suitable PhD candidate.

Another really cool piece here is the Academic Credit Bank (ABC). ABC will store the academic credits students earn by taking courses from a variety of recognized higher education institutions. When you complete a course, a number of credits will be added to your bank. You can then transfer those credits if you decide to change colleges. And even if you manage to leave for some reason, those beliefs will remain intact. Meaning you can come back years later and pick up from where you left off.

New National Education Policy 2022

Another thing that the policy focuses on is the need to make universities multidisciplinary. Meaning, they will be expected to learn everything from art, science, management, etc. under one roof. By 2040, the government tries to stop single-stream institutions in favor of this model.

Overall, the changes outlined in the NEP appear to be well received. As education expert Meeta Sengupta says,

But as always, implementation is key and we will have to wait and see how things turn out.

Educational Policy

Why do we need a National Education Policy 2020? An explanation of why we need a National Education Policy 2020.

Education Policy 1979 By Saleem

Is India leading the Ed-tech revolution? Comparing the valuations of some of the world’s leading ed-tech companies. 2020, the year marked by uncertainty. Years down the line we will remember how the world changed this year and how life came to a standstill. We have seen major events that have never been seen before, with one leading to the other and we are not done yet. But one of the changes that was not only expected but rather necessary came in the form of the National Education Policy 2020 in India, and it seems to be one of the major positive developments in the beginning terrible start to this decade.

The National Education Policy 2020 was introduced at the right time, to enhance the process and vision of creating quality institutions, a culture of innovation, and a highly skilled workforce. It was time to start a process to transform the Educational Institutions in India, and enable them to achieve a certain standard, which can be compared with the best in the world. -world.

This is a major change by the Government of India, as they have replaced the 34-year-old National Policy on Education, which was framed in 1986, with the New Education Policy 2020. done in the Indian education paradigm.

Establishing a single regulator for higher education institutions, the scheme of multiple entry and exit options in degree courses, the lower board exams, and common entrance exams for universities, these are some of the main things that can be deducted from this exciting new policy. Each of these reforms reflects how India has evolved as an economy, and how we are willing to be recognized as a force to be reckoned with. A country’s education system is a true indicator of its economic strength, and the reforms of the NEP 2020, will definitely help India enter the top three economies of the world in the next 10 years.

What Is The Foundation Of Singapore’s Education Policy?

National education policy has penetrated the untouched part of the education system in India. One of the bold proposals of this policy, states that individual institutions should adapt themselves to a multidisciplinary mode or face closure. Complete freedom of expression is given in several areas, under this policy.

We are aware that, in terms of education, there has always been a bone of contention between the State and the Center regarding their jurisdiction. National Education Policy has taken steps to have a holistic view in this regard. It is important to remember that education is a continuous process, which is why it is necessary to put more emphasis on connecting education with the environment. It was long overdue to recognize the importance of life skills, and the NEP has given more attention to the development of life skills in the education process.

NEP has addressed the social and gender gap in the education system. The policy has stated that there is an obvious gap in the representation of the different social groups in the education system. He has emphasized the need to overcome the same with regulated interventions. NEP also identified the gender gap in the education system and proposed a way to address it. The quality of teaching is also one of the main agendas of the policy. Teachers are fundamental to the education system, and without improving the way teachers are trained, it will be difficult to improve quality

Educational Policy

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